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维基百科:發音重拼

發音重拼(英语:Pronunciation respelling key, prə-nun-see-ay-shən ree-spel-ing kee),是在部分英文维基百科条目中使用的一种用于标记英语单词发音的方法。这种方法不使用(除ə以外的)其他特殊字母或变音符号来表示英语发音,相比于国际音标来说更为简单易用。

索引编辑

韻母
重拼 例子 IPA
ah palm /ɑː/
a trap /æ/
air[1] square, scarce /ɛər/
ar[1] start /ɑːr/
arr marry[2] /ær/
aw thought, fall, straw[3] /ɔː/
ay face, fail, vein, pay /eɪ/
e dress /ɛ/
eh[4] prestige
ee fleece, meter, sea /iː/
happy, serious[5] /i/
eer[1] near, fierce /ɪər/
err error /ɛr/
ew[6] cute, beauty, dew[7] /juː/
ewr[1][6] cure /jʊər/
eye[8] item /aɪ/
i roses, enough[9] /ᵻ/
kit /ɪ/
ih[10] historic
ire[1] hire /aɪər/
irr mirror /ɪr/
o lot[11] /ɒ/
oh goat, mode, toe /oʊ/
ohr[1] force, more[12] /ɔər/
oo goose, you /uː/
situation[13] /u/
oor[1] poor, tourist[14] /ʊər/
or[1] north, war[14][12] /ɔːr/
orr moral /ɒr/
ow[15] mouth, how /aʊ/
owr[1] flour /aʊər/
oy choice, boy /ɔɪ/
u cut, tough /ʌ/
uh[16] frustration
ur[1] nurse, word, girl, fern /ɜːr/
urr hurry /ʌr/
uu foot, full /ʊ/
joyful[17] /ᵿ/
y[8] price /aɪ/
ər[1] letter, picture, Oxford /ər/
ə comma, pencil, mountain /ə/
聲母
重拼 例子 IPA
b buy, cab /b/
ch[18] church, nature /tʃ/
d dye, cad /d/
dh this, breathe /ð/
f fool, graph /f/
g go, bag /ɡ/
gh[19] guess, guitar
h high, ahead /h/
j jam, giant, badge /dʒ/
k quiz, sky, crack /k/
kh loch, Chanukah[20] /x/
l lie, bell /l/
m man, smile, cam /m/
n no, snow, tin /n/
ng[21] ring, singer /ŋ/
p pen, spin, tip /p/
r run, try, very /r/
s see, past /s/
ss[22] ice, tense
sh she, emotion, cache /ʃ/
t two, sting, bet /t/
tch[18] church, natural /tʃ/
th thing, teeth /θ/
v voice, of /v/
w we, quick /w/
wh which[23] /hw/
y yes /j/
z zoo, rose, lens /z/
zh pleasure, vision, beige[24] /ʒ/
  1. ^ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 In non-rhotic accents such as Received Pronunciation, r in syllable-final positions is not pronounced unless followed by a vowel.
  2. ^ arr is pronounced the same as err (as in "merry") in dialects with the Mary–marry–merry merger.
  3. ^ aw is pronounced the same as o (as in "lot") in dialects with the cot–caught merger such as some varieties of General American.
  4. ^ /ɛ/ is sometimes respelled eh instead of e in syllable-final positions, so as to avoid confusion with such sounds as ee and ay.
  5. ^ ee at the end of a word or before a vowel is pronounced the same as i in accents with happy tensing. While it is transcribed as /i/ in IPA, this distinction is not made in this respelling sytem.
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 ew(r) is for when /juː/ (or /jʊər/) takes place right after a consonant within one syllable. When /juː/ (or /jʊər/) happens at the beginning of a syllable (e.g. "you", "youth"), use yoo.
  7. ^ In dialects with yod-dropping, ew is pronounced oo after t, d, s, z, n, th and l, so "tune" and "dew" are pronounced the same as "toon" and "do".
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 /aɪ/ is respelled y when preceded by a consonant and otherwise eye. When it is followed by a consonant within the same syllable, place an e after the consonant as necessary: "price" pryse, "tight" tyte
  9. ^ "e" in "roses" or "enough" is pronounced either i or ə depending on dialect or speaker. While it is transcribed as /ᵻ/ in IPA, this distinction is not made in this respelling system.
  10. ^ /ɪ/ is sometimes respelled ih instead of i in syllable-final positions, so as to avoid confusion with such sounds as eye.
  11. ^ o is pronounced the same as ah (as in "palm") in dialects with the father–bother merger such as General American.
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 ohr is pronounced the same as or in dialects with the horse–hoarse merger, which include most dialects of Modern English.
  13. ^ u before a vowel is pronounced either oo or uu depending on the dialect. While it is transcribed as /u/ in IPA, this distinction is not made in this respelling sytem.
  14. ^ 14.0 14.1 oor is pronounced the same as or in dialects with the pour–poor merger, including those spoken by younger speakers.
  15. ^ Respelling this sound could prove problematic as there are a variety of monosyllabic words spelled with "ow" that are pronounced with the oh sound: blow, blown, bow, bowl, clow, crow, flow, flown, glow, grow, grown, growth, low, mow, mown, own, owt, row, show, slow, snow, sow, sown, stow, strow, throw, tow, trow, and any combination of one of these words plus s or z at the end. While owt may be replaced with out, there is no universal solution to this problem and so respelling a word including this sound may be best avoided altogether.
  16. ^ /ʌ/ is sometimes respelled uh instead of u in syllable-final positions, so as to avoid confusion with such sounds as uu.
  17. ^ "u" in "joyful" is pronounced either u or ə depending on the dialect. While it is transcribed as /ᵿ/ in IPA, this distinction is not made in this respelling system.
  18. ^ 18.0 18.1 /tʃ/ is respelled tch instead of ch in syllable-final positions, so as to avoid confusion with such sounds as k and kh.
  19. ^ gh in lieu of g is used when otherwise there might be confusion with j.
  20. ^ In most dialects, /x/ (kh) is replaced by /k/ in most words, including "loch". Where the sound begins a word, such as "Chanukah", it is sometimes replaced with /h/.
  21. ^ Sequence /ŋk/ (as in "sink") is respelled nk instead of ngk, since the assimilation is obvious, except beyond a syllable boundary: "tinker" ting-ker
  22. ^ ss in lieu of s is used when otherwise there might be confusion with z: "ice" eyess, "tense" tenss (compare eyes, tens)
  23. ^ wh is pronounced the same as w in many dialects with the wine–whine merger.
  24. ^ A number of English words, such as "genre" and "garage", are pronounced with either j or zh.